The following is a description of each of our 22 chapters, which together describe the century long history of baseball operations.


Part 1. Professional Management

1. Owner-Operator.   Prior to the advent of the GM, teams were usually built either by the owner or field manager.  This is the story of the best of the owners, Barney Dreyfuss, and how he built one of history's greatest teams in Pittsburgh.
2. Field Manager.   Contrasting Dreyfuss, John McGraw was one of history's greatest team builders, while also being one of history's greatest managers.
3. General Manager.  Although their are scattered examples of people acting like a GM, the role took hold in the 1920s and became prevalent by the 1930s.
4. Executive.  The story of Yankee owner Jacob Ruppert, who hired the legendary GM Ed Barrow.  The two worked together to create a dynasty.
5. Farm System.  First envisioned by the Cardinals' Branch Rickey, baseball wrestled for a decade or so trying to figure out a new relationship between the major and minor leagues.
6. Organization.  Ruppert hired George Weiss in 1932 to run the Yankees new farm system, putting the Yankee dynasty into another gear.


Part 2. General Manager Ascendant

7. Dodger Way.  With the departure of Branch Rickey, Walter O'Malley hired Buzzie Bavasi as GM, and the Dodgers created an unmatched organization of scouting, instruction, and development that was the envied of baseball for four decades.
8. Dynasty.  George Weiss took over as Yankee GM in 1947, and the Yankee organization kept rolling, winning another 10 pennants in his 13 years in charge.
9. Integration.  With the signing of Jackie Robinson in 1945, a vast pool of untapped baseball talent became available to any team for little cost.  The pace of integration was slower than it should have been, but within a decade many of the game's greatest stars were black. 
10. Commitment.  The Cardinals were slow to act on integration, but a new owner and a new GM helped transform the team into one of the most integrated and most talented of the 1960s.
11. Excellence Rewarded.  The 1950s Yankees owed some of their success to all of the poorly run clubs in the AL at the time.  In the 1960s, three AL clubs -- the Red Sox, Orioles and Tigers -- righted their ships behind longtime front office men handed the GM role.  
12. Amateur Draft.  After many attempts to curtail ever-increasing bonuses to amateur players, baseball finally instituted the amateur draft in 1965, and it remains the primary method of bringing talent coming into the game.
13. The Machine.   Taking over the Reds in 1967, Bob Howsam built one of history's greatest teams, the last such team before the advent of free agency.


Part 3. New Order

14. Long Road Back. After the Yankee dynasty finally collapsed in the mid-1960s, the owners handed the reigns to Mike Burke, as president, and Lee MacPhail, as general manager.  In the era of a draft but no free agency, smarts and patience were necessary. 
15. Expansion​.  When Ewing Kaufman was awarded the expansion Royals in 1968, he hired a number of talented baseball executives, and created a progressive innovative organization.
16. Free Agency.  When free agency came to baseball in 1976 many believed that the sport could not survive.  Instead, it flourished, as both players and owners get continually richer. 
17. The Zoo.  In the early days of George Steinbrenner's reign as Yankee owner he employed a talented GM who made a series of extraordinary trades and signings that turned a good team into a great team in four years.  
18. Many Rivers.  One of Gabe Paul's key assistants in New York was Pat Gillick, who then left to create and build the expansion Blue Jays.  Focusing on scouting and development, Gillick built a perennial contender.

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Part 4. Businessman

19. Winning Now.  After several near-misses, in the early 1990s Gillick went out into the free agent market and put the team over the top, winning back to back titles.  He then went on to Baltimore and Seattle, taking near-contenders to new heights in both stops.
20. Analytics.  Moneyball came out in 2003, stirring a controversy that has not quite gone away.  A look at how analytics came into the game, how Billy Beane's A's and others embraced it, and the resistance they met.
21. Post-Moneyball.   Pat Gillick, who did not embrace Analytics, won one more title with the 2008 Phillies.  The Giants employed progressive management practices and numerous analytical advances, becoming one of baseball's best teams by 2010.
22. Modern Game.   Two of baseball's best organizations, the Red Sox and Cardinals, met in the 2013 World Series.  A look at how the two organizations evolved to get to that point shows how front office cohesion is helpful in keeping a team in contention.  We also provide a snapshot of what other teams are trying as of 2014.

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